A study that showed that between 2004 and 2012, the proportion of major household appliances that died within five years rose from 3.5% to 8.3%. An analysis of junked washing machines at a recycling centre showed that more than 10% were less than five years old. Another study estimates that because of the CO2 emitted in the manufacturing process, a long-lasting washing machine will generate over two decades 1.1 tonnes less CO2 than a short-lived model. Many lamps sold in Europe come with individual light bulbs that can’t be replaced. So when one bulb packs in, the whole lamp has to be jettisoned.